THAILAND (Phase I)
(vs. BAU in 2030, unconditional target)
(vs. BAU in 2030, conditional on international support)
KEY MITIGATION SECTORS:
COMMITMENT UNDER THE PARIS AGREEMENT:
Thailand aims to reduce emissions by 20% from BAU by 2030 and could increase this target up to 25% with international support. The energy and transport sectors play a prominent role in Thailand`s domestic efforts, while their NDC also identifies the need to address issues beyond mitigation, such as energy security and economic and environmental concerns. Moving forward, national ambition needs to be translated into feasible sectoral strategies and implementation plans, with broad stakeholder buy-in and in line with national development priorities.
Thailand also established targets for renewable power generation: 20% share of power generation from renewables by 2036 in the Power Development Plan (PDP); 30% share of renewable energy in total final energy consumption in 2036 in the Alternative Energy Development Plan (AEDP); and a reduction in energy intensity of 30% below 2010 levels in 2036 in the Energy Efficiency Plan (EEP).
KEY POLICY DOCUMENTS:
- Thailand Integrated Energy Blueprint (TIEB)
- Thailand Power Development Plan 2015-2036 (PDP2015)
- Thailand Energy Efficiency Development Plan 2011-2030
- Alternative Energy Development Plan
- Oil Development Plan
- Gas Development Plan
- Thailand First Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC; 2016)
ACTIVITIES UNDER A2A PHASE I:
In Thailand, the A2A project team worked with the Office of Natural Resource and Environmental Policy and Planning (ONEP) and the Energy Policy and Planning Office (EPPO) who requested support from the project to help develop an NDC action plan for the energy sector. The team conducted analysis of the existing energy sector plans and presented the results in multi-stakeholder meetings and an interim workshop. The project has delivered a sector report for Thailand as well as an SDG-analysis with the SCAN-tool, and an economic impact analysis using the Economic Impact Model (EIM-ES) (see the reports “Scoping study Industrial development in Thailand: Renewable energy sector” and “Domestic expenditure and employment impacts of power sector development in Thailand”).
Activities in Thailand were discontinued in Phase II.