ARGENTINA

MITIGATION TARGETS:

18%

(vs. BAU in 2030, unconditional target)

37%

(vs. BAU in 2030, conditional on international support)

KEY MITIGATION SECTORS:

Energy

Agriculture

Transport

COMMITMENT UNDER THE PARIS AGREEMENT:

Argentina was the first country to submit a revised NDC to the UNFCCC in November 2016. Under the revised NDC, Argentina has an absolute emissions target for 2030 of 483 MtCO2e or 369 MtCO2e conditional on international support. The diversification of the energy matrix and the promotion of efficient energy use are two central policy objectives to reduce emissions and capture associated benefits. Other sectors with significant mitigation potential are the agriculture, land use and transport sectors. In October 2019, a new government was elected in Argentina, led by President Alberto Fernández. In December 2019, the new government adopted the Climate Change Law which provides a comprehensive legal framework for the implementation of mitigation and adaptation action in the country. A number of policies had already been put in place by the previous government led by Mauricio Macri, aiming to reach the mandatory target of 20% of renewable energy in the electricity mix by 2025. Examples include the Biofuels Law, the Renewable Energy Law and the creation of the support scheme RenovAr.

CLIMATE ACTION TRACKER RATING FOR ARGENTINA:

On 10 December 2019, Alberto Fernández was sworn in as the President of Argentina, replacing Mauricio Macri. The new government has mainly focused its policy efforts on addressing the economic crisis that pre-dates the pandemic but has been exacerbated by it, putting further climate policy developments into jeopardy. The recovery measures taken by the government as of June 2020 aim to protect the oil and gas industry from collapsing prices and demand, while ‘green’ recovery measures remain largely absent in current proposals. The CAT rates Argentina as “Critically insufficient”.

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ACTIVITIES UNDER A2A PHASE I:

In Argentina, the A2A project team collaborated closely with the Energy Secretariat and the Climate Change Secretariat of the previous government on how to implement the country’s NDC in the energy sector. The first analysis dealt with the alignment of energy sector planning with the ambition laid out in Argentina’s revised NDC (“NDC Alignment Report”). In a joint effort with the initiative “Plataforma Escenarios Energéticos Argentina” the project provided evidence on the impacts of different energy sector pathways on employment, using the Economic Impact Model (EIM-ES). The analysis included an assessment of the Paris compatibility of the latest Plataforma scenarios (“Paris-compatibility of Argentina’s energy pathways”). Additional analysis requested by the Energy Secretariat looked at grid integration issues resulting from higher levels of variable renewables integration and general challenges and opportunities of a power system transformation (“Grid integration of variable renewables in Argentina“, “Transformation towards a decarbonised electricity sector – a framework of analysis for power system transformation“). The evidence collected during the first project phase was summarised in a sector report (“A roadmap for the power supply sector in Argentina”).

Argentina

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