Argentina was the first country to submit a revised NDC to the UNFCCC in November 2016. Under the revised first NDC, Argentina had an absolute target to limit emissions to 483 MtCO2e by 2030 or 369 MtCO2e, conditional on international support. In December 2020, the government of Argentina submitted its second NDC which set an absolute, economy-wide and unconditional target of limiting GHG emissions to 359 MtCO2e in 2030. In April 2021, Argentina’s President announced at the Leaders’ Summit on Climate that they would further increase their climate action by 2% beyond what was submitted in December 2020. This announcement was followed by an official submission to the UNFCCC in November the same year, to formalise the new goal to not exceed 349 MtCO2e per annum nationally by 2030.
The diversification of the energy matrix and the promotion of efficient energy use are two central policy objectives to reduce emissions and capture associated benefits. A number of policies had been put in place by the government led by Mauricio Macri (2015-2019), aiming to reach the mandatory target of 20% of renewable energy in the electricity mix by 2025. Examples include the Biofuels Law, the Renewable Energy Law and the creation of the support scheme RenovAr.
Other sectors with significant mitigation potential are the agriculture, land use and transport sectors. In October 2019, a new government was elected in Argentina, led by President Alberto Fernández. In December 2019, the new government adopted the Climate Change Law which provides a comprehensive legal framework for the implementation of mitigation and adaptation action in the country.
Argentina’s second NDC includes a vision for the agriculture sector to sustain its significant contribution to the GDP. Cereal production is projected to increase based on yield improvements and using limited additional land. Meat production is also foreseen to grow by increasing productivity through genetic improvements and good practices, rather than expanding pastureland or livestock population. In the forest sector, the NDC highlights plans to substantially reduce deforestation through sustainable forest management, to be achieved through the implementation of the National Plan for Forest Management with Integrated Livestock Production (MBGI).