Smoother transitions: How to use benefits analysis to make climate ambition and action fairer and more inclusive

This paper presents a practical approach that allows analysts to incorporate the notions of fairness and inclusiveness into their decarbonisation strategies and climate action plans.

The energy transition after Covid-19 – Perspectives on green recovery and NDC ambition raising

This paper discusses the impact of the ongoing COVID-19 crisis on the energy sector and frames it in the broader perspective of the climate crisis and development aspirations. We present practical challenges and responses observed in several emerging economies and developing countries, and discuss how key patterns in those countries are relevant for the post-COVID energy transition. We conclude by offering three considerations on how governments can strengthen their NDC update and signal the highest possible climate ambition for the energy sector.

Assessing sustainable development impacts of scaling-up climate action in the electricity sector – Lessons learnt from country processes

Based on experiences in several countries, this paper formulates six key lessons learnt for the assessment of sustainable development impacts and their integration into climate policy making. The lessons focus on technical as well as political aspects and include recommendations for future work in this area to support ambition raising and sustainable development through robust evidence.

Towards a better understanding of NDC ambition – lessons from political economy analysis in development support

This working paper discusses political economy analysis (PEA), a structured approach to analysing sector politics which has been used and studied especially in the realm of development support. We investigate whether looking at sector transitions through a PEA-lens will allow us to see which political factors are at play when determining ambitious climate policy. Understanding how these political dynamics determine which outcomes are feasible and which are not, will contribute towards a better understanding of NDC ambition.

Fitness framework for assessing NDC ambition – analysing the likelihood that ambition will lead to action

The Fitness Framework presented here is a tool with the potential to add value over existing approaches to assessing climate ambition and action, by explicitly taking stakeholders and their behaviour into account, and building on that to explain why change is more or less likely to happen (this likelihood is what we call ‘fitness’). It aims to provide a structure for analysing the political economy of ambition raising, using concepts familiar to climate and development experts. This is a work in progress.

Co-benefits on the interface between energy security and ambitious climate policy

This paper takes a closer look at energy security and how it relates to ambitious climate policy. It aims to help the reader think more clearly about energy security as a co-benefit in the context of increasing climate ambition. To structure energy security topics for those involved in NDC planning and implementation, we present 10 themes on the interface between energy security and ambitious climate policy, as a starting point for identifying co-benefits, NDC support, and choosing the ‘highest possible ambition’ for NDC updates.

Transformation towards a decarbonised electricity sector – a framework of analysis for power system transformation

This paper develops a qualitative assessment framework that allows policy makers to understand the complexity of power sector transformation and to analyse their country’s position in the transformation process, including key challenges impacting the integration of vRES and examples for technically feasible solutions.

When the stars align: investigating the influence of the co-benefits narrative on climate policy ambition

This research paper explores how evidence on co-benefits has positively influenced climate policy ambition, through three case studies, a review of academic literature, and interviews with experts.

A ten point agenda for delivering higher mitigation ambition

The paper formulates 10 points for mitigation ambition and includes recommendations on ways to support ambition raising through international cooperation.