Following the Paris Agreement, the challenge for many countries will be to translate their mitigation ambition into effective domestic action. The Ambition to Action (A2A) project offers analytical support to governments in partner countries to accelerate the development and implementation of their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). The project focuses on sector level policies and plans, primarily through articulation of the economic, social, and environmental benefits of mitigation policy.

A2A is funded under the German International Climate Initiative (IKI) and runs until 2022.

Ambition to Action


Towards a better understanding of NDC ambition – lessons from political economy analysis in development support

This working paper discusses political economy analysis (PEA), a structured approach to analysing sector politics which has been used and studied especially in the realm of development support. We investigate whether looking at sector transitions through a PEA-lens will allow us to see which political factors are at play when determining ambitious climate policy. Understanding how these political dynamics determine which outcomes are feasible and which are not, will contribute towards a better understanding of NDC ambition.

Fitness framework for assessing NDC ambition – analysing the likelihood that ambition will lead to action

The Fitness Framework presented here is a tool with the potential to add value over existing approaches to assessing climate ambition and action, by explicitly taking stakeholders and their behaviour into account, and building on that to explain why change is more or less likely to happen (this likelihood is what we call ‘fitness’). It aims to provide a structure for analysing the political economy of ambition raising, using concepts familiar to climate and development experts. This is a work in progress.

View all Outputs